About 2000 years ago, a civilisation existed in the Andes between 100 BC and AD 900, that created some of the most mysterious images, The Nazca Lines.
These famous geoglyphs have been made a World Heritage Site, and stretch for miles. There are dozens of them, and they range from straight forward lines to animals like lizards, spiders, monkeys, fish and more.
Researchers think the figures must have taken years, maybe even centuries to make, with the purpose of them still a mystery. There are some theories regarding the astrological alignment like that of the spider image, which is said to correlate with the Orion constellation. Other wild theories contain aliens, but I won’t get into that here…not today.
The Nazca culture was heavily influenced by the preceding culture, the Paracas, and are celebrated for their beautiful carvings and pottery, as well as the different colours used for painting. They used substances like wood, ceramics, clay and even whale teeth to make different designs.
Seeing as they lived in the arid part of the River Valley in Peru, their gods were mainly fertility gods that would bring the rain and harvest. They created aqueducts for agriculture called puquios that are still in use today.
On the gruesome side of the things, the Nazca are known for their Trophy Heads, which are just random heads here and there. Their burial custom represented a compact box-type chamber with material all around it and a head at the top, some with bones and some without. The reason for this is also unknown, but we have to assume that there was some religious reasons behind it.
They are also known for their elongated skulls. It may have been the Paracas people, but findings from Nazca of these cone-heads have been found in the region. The alteration was made by binding material to elongate the skull.
All in all, the Nazca culture seemed pretty cool. They’re relatively unheard of seeing as the Inca civilisation “stole their spotlight” after them. But they still have those awesome geoglyphs, which are so symmetrically amazing that you have to give them some appreciation.